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The Pre-Med Podcast

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 MCAT Physics – lecture 1a | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:15:03

Episode 25: Doctor Dan does an expose on how his Physics knowledge has stayed strong for so long! Listen to the podcast to learn who she is... MCAT Physics Vectors Scalar quantities, such as temperature, have magnitude only and are specified by a number with a unit, 67 degrees Celsius and obey the rules of ordinary algebra.  Vectors, such as displacement, have both magnitude and direction, six meters west and obey the special rules of vector algebra. X and Y Coordinates Two vectors A and B may be added geometrically by drawing them to a common scale and placing them head to tail.  The vector connecting the tail of A to the head of B is the sum vector.  To subtract B from A, reverse the direction of B and then add to A.  The component AX and AY of any vector A are the perpendicular projections of A on the coordinate axes. Pythagoras' theorem Analytically, the components are given by AX=A (cos theta) and AY=A (sine theta).  Given the component, we can reconstruct the vector from:  A is given by the square root of the quantity, AX2 + AY2, which is a derivation of the Pythagoras' theorem. Kinematics The motion of a body is described by giving its position or displacement, its velocity and its acceleration.  The average speed is defined as the distance traveled divided by the elapsed time.  The average velocity is the displacement vector divided by the elapsed time. Displacement Displacement is the vector representing the position of an object relative to its position at some chosen earlier time, or its point of origin.  Whereas speed is a scalar quantity, velocity is a vector.  The instantaneous velocity whose magnitude is the same as the instantaneous speed is the average velocity taken over an indefinitely short period of time. Acceleration Velocity as well other qualities describing motion are always measured with respect to some frame of reference.  Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity.  The change of velocity divided by the elapsed time, it is a vector.  If an object moves in a straight line with constant acceleration, the velocity, V, and the acceleration, A, are related to the initial velocity V0 and the displacement, D, and the time, T, by the equations-V=V0 + AT; D, the displacement, equals V0T + ½AT2; V2=V02 + 2AD.  The mean velocity equals V + V0/2.  Objects allow to fall freely without air resistance all fall with the same constant acceleration, G=9.8 meters/second2. Motion and force. Newton's 3 Laws Number 1 Newton's three laws of motion are the basic laws explaining motion.  Newton's first law states that if the net force on an object is zero, the object at rest remains at rest and an object in motion remains in motion in a straight line with constant velocity.  The tendency of a body to resist a change in motion is called inertia.  Mass is a measure of inertia.  Weight refers to the force of gravity on an object. Number 2 Newton's second law states that the acceleration of a body is directly proportional to the net force acting on it and inversely proportional to its mass.  F=ma, where F is the force, m is the mass, and A, the acceleration.  Force, which is a vector, is a push or a pull.  More precisely, Newton's second law can be used as a definition of force as that action which is capable of accelerating an object.  Net force refers to the vector sum of all forces acting on a body. The force of gravity acting on a body is the product of its mass times the acceleration of gravity. Number 3 Newton's third law states that when every one body exerts a force on a second body, the second exerts an equal force on the first in the opposite direction.  A consistent set of units must always be used when making calculations.  SI unit s are the standard ones used for scientific work and these include the meter, kilogram and second. Friction When two bodies are in contact or slide over one another, the force of friction each exerts on the other can be written forc

 Cancer Lecture | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:30:07

Episode 24: Doctor Dan gives part 2 of his Cancer lecture series available in full at Cancers and Associated Diseases - Part II Xeroderma pigmentosa – sun exposed areas, auto recessive, can cause all skin cancers (BCC, SCC, and melanomas), and the defect is in DNA repair enzymes. Other DNA repair defects are associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2, p53, they splice out the defects, this group is called the chromosomal instability syndromes – Wiskott Aldrich, Blooms, Ataxia Telangiectasias, and Fanconi’s, all have probs with DNA repair. Basic rule of thumb for BCC and SCC: Upper lip and up is basal cell carcinoma; lower lip and down is squamous cell (therefore, lesion on lower lip = sq cell; lesion on upper lip = basal cell) Example: inside nose is BCC, b/c above the upper lip Example: keloid – sq cell carcinomas and 3rd degree burns and sq cell carcinoma developing in areas of drainage from the sinus and ulcer that doesn’t heal from antibiotics. So, wherever there is constant irritation, and division of cells related to irritation, there is an increase susceptibility to cancer. This does not hold true for scar cancer tissue related cancers of the lungs or adenocarcinoma (just applies to things on the skin – ie burns and draining of sinus tracts). Only bacteria assoc with cancer? H. pylori – adenocarcinoma and low grade malignant lymphomas. XII. Grade vs Stage A. Grade = what does it look like? The term well differentiated means that the tumor is making something like keratin or glands, and if it’s identifiable it’s called low grade. When the cells are anaplastic, poorly differentiated under the microscope, and if you cannot tell what it is, then it’s called high grade. Example: sq cell carcinoma can see keratin pearls; can ID it, so it’s a low grade cancer. Example: see gland like spaces, can ID so its low grade B. Stage = (TNM) MC staging system; goes from least imp to most imp (TNM) Example: breast cancer with axillary node involvement; therefore, the N=1, but the “M” is worse, b/c it indicates that cancer has spread to other organs like bone, etc. Just b/c it goes to lymph nodes doesn’t mean it is the most imp prognostic factor. T=size of tumor; if tumor is over 2 sonometers, it has a chance of mets N=nodes (next most imp for prognosis) M=mets outside of nodes (most imp prognostic factor) Stage is more important than grade for prognosis; and within staging, M is the most imp factor for prognosis. Example: pt with prostate cancer, which of following has it the worst? The answer choices were cancer limited to prostate, it went into seminal vesicles, it involved the wall of bladder, went to lymph nodes, or bone? Answer = bone (bone represents the “M” of the TNM system – this is stage 4 by definition=mets) Example: a slide of a colon cancer and a lymph node: what is most important – size of tumor or lymph node involvement? Lymph node. If it was also in the liver, what is most imp? Liver specimen is the most imp prognostic factor. XIII. Host defenses – most important is Cytotoxic CD8 T cell Others – NK cells, Ab’s, macrophages, type 2 HPY. In hospital, they look for altered MHC class I Ag’s in the cancer pt, b/c cancer wants to kill T cells; they do this by putting in perforins, which activate  caspasases, and this leads to apoptosis (the signal, from the perforins, activate the caspasases, which have proteases, which break down the nucleus and mitochondria, and cell dies, without any inflammatory infiltrate). XIV. Other diseases seen in malignancy: A. Cachexia – cause is TNF alpha; it is irreversible. Once you see a pt with disseminated cancer about to go into catabolic state, can give then total nutrition, but still won’t help. (Will not get muscle mass back, and this is due to TNF-alpha) B. Many hematologic causes of anemia seen in malignancy MC

 Health Care Reform | File Type: video/x-m4v | Duration: 0:00:01

Have you read the Health Care Reform Bill H.R. 3590? Come on, it's only 2,409 pages! Doctor Dan has read it. Watch this video to learn all about it. H.R. 3590 On March 23, 2010, President Obama signed H.R. 3590, the most sweeping health care legislation bill in our nation's history. What is in the health care bill? Doctor Dan will be teaching the contents of H.R. 3590 and what to expect in a non-political way at the 3rd Annual Medical School LIFE Conference in Dallas, Texas on May 29-30, 2010.

 Pre-Nursing Decision Factors | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:01:25

Episode 23: Doctor Dan interviews Naheeds Ali, M.D., who is a pre-nursing adviser and college professor. Pre-Nursing Advice Over the years, I've had a lot of questions about other medical careers besides becoming a physician. Today's interview with Dr. Naheeds Ali covers a few basic pieces of pre-nursing advice: Study your career field in advance from people who are doing it Don't assume financial security, even in the nursing profession In your career choices, stay within your educational background Non-Clinical Careers For Physicians Dr. Ali gave some good insight into what physicians consider when they leave clinical medicine. Here are some of the things doctors consider when they leave clinical medicine: How the economy will affect physician careers Love of teaching

 Biological Sciences – MCAT Lecture 2a | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:35:23

Episode 22: Download all of the MCAT Podcasts now. Dr. Brett Ferdinand  teaches one of the seven Biological Sciences lectures. Now all of the MCAT science exams are available here:  Download MCAT Podcasts Dr. Brett Ferdinand has been teaching and authoring MCAT books and DVD's for nearly 2 decades. Recently, he co-authored a book with Dr. Flowers, the father of MCAT Prep books (Silver Bullet MCAT).

 MCAT General Chemistry Podcast | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:20:09

Episode 21: This is a General Chemistry 101 overview for the MCAT. Get ready for more specific and detailed podcasts on a WEEKLY basis. Conservation of Mass The Law of Conservation of Mass state that there are no detectable changes in mass in any chemical reaction.  This indicates that there are the same number of atoms of each types present after a chemical reaction as there were before the reaction.  A balanced equation shows equal numbers of each type of atom on each side of the equation and is, thereby, consistent with the Law of Conservation of Mass. MCAT Equations (download complete list of MCAT equations) Equations are balanced by placing coefficients in front of the chemical formulas for the substances involved in the reactions.  It is possible to predict the products of simple reactions by analogy to known reactions and by use of the periodic table.  Among the reactions, there are the followings: One; combustion in oxygen in which an organic compound reacts with oxygen forming carbon dioxide, water and possibly other products depending on the composition of the compound. Two; neutralization reaction in which an acid plus a base react to form water or another neutral compound and a salt.  There are precipitation reactions in which one of the products over reaction between two substances in solution is insoluble in the solution.  The coefficient in a balanced equation can be interpreted as either the relative number of formula units involved in the reaction or the relative number of moles. Avagadro's Number A mole of any substance is Avogadro's number, which is 6.02 x 1023 of formula units of that substance.  The mass of a mole of atoms, molecules or ions is the formula weight expressed in grams.  For example, a single molecule of water, H2O, weighs 18 amu, which are atomic mass units.  A mole of water weighs 18 grams.  The empirical formula, or simplest formula, of a substance expresses the composition in terms of the smallest possible set of whole number subscripts denoting the relative number of atoms.  The mole concept can be used to determine the empirical formula of a compound and calculate the quantities involved in chemical reactions.  In dealing with reactions between substances and solutions, it is convenient to employ the concept of solution concentration. Molarity Molarity is defined as the number of moles of solute per liter of solution.  Molarity serves as a conversion factor for interconverting solution volume and number of moles of solute. Chemical equations and energy We will look specifically at the energy and the first law of thermodynamics.  Energy can be measured in terms of the ability to accomplish work or transfer heat.  An object may possess potential energy because of its position relative to another object or because of its composition.  Thus, chemical energy is potential energy which can be released when the object undergoes a chemical change.  An object may possess kinetic energy because if it's relative motion to another object.  The first law of thermodynamics also referred to as the law of conservation of energy states that in any change that occurs in nature, the total energy of the universe remains constant. It is often convenient to consider one portion of nature called the system as separate from all the rest called the surroundings.  According to the first law of thermodynamics any energy gained by the system in a change must equal the energy lost from the surroundings.  Any process in which heat energy is lost to the surroundings is termed "exothermic".  On the other hand, when heat energy is absorbed by the system from the surroundings, the process is termed "endothermic". Heat changes occurring at constant pressure are of special interest.  The heat gained or lost by the system in a process occurring at constant pressure is termed the enthalpy change, represented by the symbol delta H.  This quantity is negative for an exothermic proc

 MCAT Biology Podcast | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:46:31

Episode 20: Welcome to the MCAT Podcast series, where Doctor Dan will cover the actual science material required for the MCAT. Starting off with an overview of Biological Sciences topics, we'll get increasingly more specific as time passes. Biology for the MCAT Classes of Organic Molecules Four major classes of organic molecules found in living organisms are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and nucleic acids. Condensation Reactions Though these classes of molecule have different structure and function, they are built up of many similar building block molecules bonded together. In each case, building block molecules are combined by the removal of water, and this is called "condensation reactions." Condensation reactions are reversible. The complex organic molecules can be hydrolyzed into the simpler building blocks molecules with the addition of water. The basic building block molecules of carbohydrates are the simple sugars or monosaccharides. Disaccharide Bonds When two simple sugars are bonded together, a disaccharide is formed. When many simple sugars are bonded together in long chains, a polysaccharide is formed. Starch, glycogen, and cellulose are examples of polysaccharides. The carbohydrates are an important energy source for all organisms. Lipids, the fats, and fat-like substances tend to be insoluble in water. Fats are made up of two building block molecules – glycerol and fatty acids. Phospholipids are derived from the fats. They are important constituents of cell membranes. Peptide Bonds The basic building block molecules of the proteins are amino acids. Amino acids are bonded together to form a protein by condensation reactions. The resulting bond is the peptide bond and the chains produced are polypeptide chains. The primary structure of each protein is the sequence and type of amino acids making up the polypeptide chains. Because hydrogen bonds form between one amino acid and another, the chain assumes a stable regular shape known as the secondary structure. These regular molecules may in turn be folded into complicated globular shapes by weak attractions between the different R groups within the chain, thus forming the tertiary structure of the protein. Nucleotide Bonds Some globular proteins are made up of two or more polypeptide chains held together by weak bonds. The way these chains fit together determines the ordinary structure. Because the conformation of a protein depends on weak bonds, it is easily altered causing a change in biological function. The building block unit of nucleic acids is the nucleotide, which is made up of a five carbon sugar attached to a phosphate group and to a nitrogen-containing base. Nucleotide units are joined together through condensation reactions between the sugar of one nucleotide and the phosphate group of the next. There are four different nucleotides in each nucleic acid. It is the different sequences of the nucleotides that encode their hereditary information. The two types of nucleic acids, DNA and RNA, differ in their basic make up and in the number of strands in the molecule. We will be discussing this in greater detail later. Free Energy and Enzymes Chemical reactions that release free energy are exothermic or exergonic. Reactions that require the addition of free energy are endothermic or endergonic. In living systems, an exothermic reaction is usually coupled with an endothermic reaction. Although exothermic reaction proceeds spontaneously, initiating a reaction may require an activation energy. Chemical reactions can be speeded up by heat, by increasing the concentrations of the reactants, or by providing the appropriate catalyst. In living systems, the catalysts are enzymes. Most enzymes are highly specific and each can interact only with those reactants or substrates that fit spatially and chemically into the active site of the enzyme. Since the formation of the enzyme

 MCAT Podcast – study MP3′s on-the-go | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:48:43

Episode 19: Would you like to have an entire MP3 series dedicated to the MCAT? Well, that's what I'm working on right now. Listen to this Renal Physiology lecture for a sample of what's to come! Renal Physiology A. ECF/ICF ECF (1/3) = extracellular fluid of two compartments – vascular (1/3) and interstitial (2/3) ICF (2/3) = intracellular fluid compartment Example: how many liters of isotonic saline do you have to infuse to get 1 liter into the plasma? 3 Liters (2/3:1/3 relationship); 2 liters in interstial space, and 1 L would go to the vascular space; it equilibrates with interstial/vascular compartments. B. Osmolality = Measure of solutes in a fluid; due to three things: Na, glucose, and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) – urea cycle is located in the liver, partly in the cytosol and partly in the mitochondria; usually multiply Na times 2 (b/c one Na and one Cl). Normal Na is 135-140 range, times that by 2 that 280. For glucose, normal is 100 divide that by 18, let’s say it’s roughly 5, so that’s not contributing much. BUN:  located in the liver, part of the cycle is in the cytosol and part of it is in mitochondria. The urea comes from ammonia, that’s ammonia is gotten rid of, by urea. B/c the end product of the urea cycle is urea. The normal is about 12; divide that by 3, so we have 4. Therefore, in a normal person Na is controlling the plasma osmolality. To measure serum osmolality: double the serum Na and add 10. C. Osmosis = Among intracellular, intravascular, and interstitial spaces, 2 of these 3 are limited to the ECF compartment. One can equilibrate between ECF and ICF across the cell membranes – urea; therefore, with an increased urea, it can equilibrate equally on both sides to it will be equal on both sides; this is due to osmosis. B/c Na and glucose are limited to the ECF compartment, then changes in its concentration will result in the movement of WATER from low to high concentration  (opposite of diffusion – ie in lungs, 100 mmHg in alveoli of O2, and returning from the tissue is 40 mmHg pO2; 100 vs. 40, which is bigger, 100 is bigger, so via diffusion, O2 moves through the interspace into the plasma to increase O2 to about 95mmHb). Therefore, in diffusion, it goes from high to low, while in osmosis, it goes from low to high concentration. 1. Hyponatremia Example: In the case with hyponatremia – water goes from ECF into the ICF, b/c the lower part is in the ECF (hence HYPOnatremia); water goes into the ICF, and therefore is expanded by osmosis. Now make believe that the brain is a single cell, what will we see? cerebral edema and mental status abnormalities via law of osmosis (the intracellular compartment of all the cells in the brain would be expanded) 2. Hypernatremia Example: hypernatremia – water goes out of the ICF into the ECF, therefore the ICF will be contracted. So in the brain, it will lead to contracted cells, therefore mental status abnormalities; therefore, with hypo and hypernatremia, will get mental status abnormalities of the brain. 3. Diabetic ketoacidosis Example: DKA – have (1000mg) large amount blood sugar. Remember that both Na and glucose are limited to the ECF compartment. You would think that glucose is in the ICF but it’s not. You think that since glycolysis occurs in the cytosol therefore glucose in the ICF (again its not) b/c to order to get into the cell (intracellular), glucose must bind to phosphorus, generating G6P, which is metabolized (it’s the same  with fructose and galactose, which are also metabolized immediately, therefore, there is no glucose, fructose, or galactose, per se, intracellularly). So, with hyperglycemia, there is high glucose in the ECF, so water will move from ICF to ECF. Therefore, the serum Na concentration will go down – this is called dilutional hyponatremia (which is what happens to the serum sodium with hyperglycemia). Therefore the two things that contro

 Pre-Med Help – 15 Things Every Future Doctor Must Know | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:00:01

Episode 18: Over 6 years of Pre-Med Advising put online in one place! Doctor Dan organizes all of it and thoroughly describes how you can use this information to gain advantage over your competition. ************************************** [ ?posts_id=2295076&dest=-1] Ever feel lost in the Pre-Med grind, not knowing what to do next? Have specific questions about the medical education process and get mixed answers all over the web that leave you feeling more confused and alone? Chances are one of the hundreds of people I've coached since 2004 have asked me the same questions! This podcast explores my new website's organization. It will be released soon, don't worry - and you can join for only $12 ! (UPDATE: it's released here --> Medical Support Community). I took all of the how-to video tutorials, email questions and survey responses and organized them all into the 15 Sections below. The only way to access this information is on the new site: 1 Getting Started ARTICLES: •    Overview of the medical education process •    16 Step PreMed Guide •    Daniel Williams’ story •    Importance of journaling •    SAMPLE interview journal AUDIO: •    The medical education process •    What med school is really like 2 Premedical Decision Making ARTICLES: •    Admission requirements •    Canadian med student career choices •    Deciding on a career in medicine •    ECFMG certification fact sheet •    ECFMG information booklet •    Four reasons to avoid medical school •    Med school affects undergrad choices •    Seven osteopathic competencies •    UK med student career choices •    US med student career choices AUDIO: •    Admission rates •    Admission requirements •    Deciding on a career in medicine •    Four reasons to avoid medical school •    Osteopathic medical training 3 Organizing Your Experiences ARTICLES: •    Address label templates •    Checklist for getting organized •    Email accounts •    Legal documents •    Master application binder •    References •    Transcript checklist •    Transcript request template •    Work history template 4 Building Character Into Physician Training ARTICLES: •    Arrogant doctors hurt patients •    I DON’T KNOW – The three most important words in medical education •    Six habits of highly respectful physicians •    Words as scalpels •    Ethics •    Euthenasia •    Human subjects research training •    Medical futility •    Neurenberg •    Suicide •    Ethics Movement •    Tarasoff case VIDEO: •    Becoming the genuine article 5 Components of the Application ARTICLES: •    Academic honors •    SAMPLE Application summary sheet •    Certifications •    Extracurricular activities •    Letters of recommendation •    Composing a letter of recommendation that captures the applicant as an individual •    Dr Williams’ medical school application •    Military experience •    Research •    Research commentary •    Student organizations •    Volunteer activities AUDIO: •    Letters of recommendation 6 Writing Your Memorable Application ARTICLES: •    Checklist for the personal essay •    How to write personal essays •    SAMPLE personal essay •    Practice vision essay •    SAMPLE research description •    SAMPLE MD PhD interest letter •    SAMPLE Secondary application questions VIDEO: •    Packaging your story •    Essay tips 7 Choosing Your Top Medical Schools ARTICLES: •    100 years after the Flexner report •    Admissions – insider report •    Al

 How to drink water from a fire hydrant | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:15:56

Episode 23: Doctor Dan outlines Phase 1 in the Evolution Of A Physician-In-Training, part of his work/life balance initiative that seeks to prevent burnout among medical students and doctors. SEE THE FULL REPORT HERE: Evolution of a Physician In Training: Effects of the medical education pipeline on personal and professional development. Daniel M. Williams, MD The 5 phases of a physician in training are general categories that describe the professional and psychological changes that students can expect to face. These have been organized into a Medical School Mindmap full of 179 peer-reviewed, scientific articles that describe the processes necessary to become the consumate physician. The Phases are as follows: Standing At The Precipice: The Premed Syndrome Adaptation Assimilation The Let-Down Reemergence This area of research is meant to provide the foundation for a Health and Wellness Initiative among physicians. Physician Health is a top priority with Dr. Daniel Williams and each area is broken down inside the Medical Mastermind Community that has grown up around this ideal. Here is an excerpt from the original draft: Phase 1: Standing at the Precipice Premedical students engaged in the early medical education pipeline frequently share similar goals and ambitions. The most commonly described premedical student traits are hard working, competitive, motivated, goal-oriented, altruism, and prestige-seeking (22-24). Fairly early in their premedical experience they begin to learn of the imperfection in the system. A number of frustrations faced by these bright, enthusiastic students begin before even entering medical school. The challenges face by these future physicians can be categorized as follows: Selection Bias. Learning that affirmative action exists without understanding the need for diversity can be a shock (143,145,156). Academic Preparation. Realizing their undergraduate premedical and M.C.A.T. preparation may not actually predict how competent they will be as physicians can be disheartening (46,45,48). Premedical Advising. Many students encounter premedical advisers, though wonderful guidance has been published for decades (11,15,17). Admissions Criteria. The paradigm shift being birthed in premedical curriculum, which seeks to broaden one’s humanities background and foster empathetic relationships, is taking a surprisingly long time (4,6,27,28,30,31). The transition period as more medical schools are changing their admissions criteria and interview process can leave the premedical student confused about what is important in their preparation (184). Because these sytstem-wide messages that contradict their altruistic nature, it is not surprising that the majority of students matriculating into medical school already have a well established ethical framework that is difficult to mold (26). Further, two of the most historically trusted sources of information flat fail the premedical student attempting to learn about medical education. First, institutions of higher learning remain hyper-focused on grade point average though is associated with mere surface learning in medical school and the “MCAT Myth” of requisite rote memorization had been debunked by the mathematical application of Bloom’s Taxonomy (46). Second, nationally syndicated journalists yield influence in the ranking of “top medical schools”, but their method are ill-conceived; are unscientific; are conducted poorly; ignore the value of school accreditation; judge medical school quality from a narrow, elitist perspective; do not consider social and professional outcomes in program quality calculations; and fail to meet basic standards of journalistic ethics (32). Sadly, the more idealistic and altruistic the nature of the unsuspecting premedical student, the greater the expectations in their career, and the greater the disappointment that comes in later phases in their evolution. If we

 Free course: Speed Reading for Medical School | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:17:09

Episode 22: Save time, learn different study techniques, relax with a system that you trust will work for you - Dr. Dan explains how you can get his Speed Reading Course for Medical School absolutely free. Name: Email: Which are you? Pre-Med Medical Student Need help? We respect your email privacy. Hi there! I apologize for taking so long to announce my new Medical School Podcast formally. There have already been a lot of episodes posted there - not to mention the FREE Speed Reading Course for Medical School! Here are the topics that have been posted at the new Medical School Podcast. * Medical School Admissions Committees - an expert interview with Dr. Wayne Shelton * Test Anxiety - an expert interview with Bara Sapir of Test Prep New York * Two additional episodes with Dr. Brett Ferdinand, author of Gold Standard MCAT: MCAT Study Techniques and AAMC MCAT Practice Tests * PreMedical Program - a grant-funded initiative to deliver MCAT, USMLE, and PreMed DVD Courses to students regardless of discrimination on the basis of gender, age, race, or socioeconomic status * Sources of Stress in Medical School and Residency * Surviving the Third Year of Medical School * USMLE Prep And to come... * The MCAT Myth * Speed Reading for Medical School Enjoy. This marks the end of the majority of podcasts on this channel. Visit the Medical School Podcast to keep up with me. Doctor Dan

 MCAT Verbal Reasoning | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:36:37

Episode 21: Interview with neurolinguistic programming expert Karen van Hook and test anxiety expert, and founder of Test Prep New York, Bara sapir. Because no two people read the same MCAT passage exactly the same, it's important to harness your internal dialogue to interpret passages, stay calm, and score higher - all at the same time. To learn more, visit There are only a few more episodes of expert interviews that will appear on this site. The continuation will be on To get more Test Anxiety training and management instruction, join the CD of the Month Club, which also included Medical Mastermind Teleconferences with Doctor Dan. Enjoy, Dr. Dan

 MCAT Test Prep | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:00:01

Episode 20: MCAT Prep like you've never heard before. Dr. Ferdinand and Dr. Dan discuss the MCAT from a physician's point of view. With both doctors actively coaching premedical students, their synergy on this subject is nothing short of a Mastermind! Dr. Ferdinand’s tells us about his not-so-secret performance on the MCAT and about his fatal error during planning his MCAT that caused him to not be able to even take the exam! Listen to ALL of the expert interviews on the Medical School Podcast. [More...] The Association of American Medical Colleges administers the MCAT, accredits allopathic medical schools in the U.S., and manages the medical school application service. The trend over the past 2 decades has been to emphasize thinking, organizing information, and problem solving rather than rote memorization. In this episode, we two physicians discuss exactly why that is, what you can do to prepare, and ultimately whom you can trust when it comes to such an important exam – yourself! Future episodes will cover * Dr. Ferdinand’s 6 Steps to MCAT Preparation, which is remarkably similar to my 5-Step study method. * Dr. Ferdinant’s interview with the "Father of MCAT Books" (Dr. Flowers) * How a mastermind community can help premeds AND medical students Listen in to learn more...

 Be A Doctor – Premedical Solutions That Work, an interview. | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:00:01

Episode 19: Premedical Solutions that work, changing priorities as a physician, levels of Pre-Med commitment, and how to get the "I'm going to be a doctor" mentality. In this interview with Randy Freeman, a Premedical University DVD Home Study Course graduate, we delve into 4 major areas: How to get the "I'm GOING TO be a doctor" mentality Levels of Pre-Med sophistication and commitment Can you change your priorities later down the road, as a physician? Premedical Solutions that work - study for the MCAT while in undergrad! The American Medical Student Association will again promote my next live, 2-day conference on July 18-19, 2009. Several things will happen at this Medical School LIFE Conference: The new Medical Mastermind Community site is now launched and explained in this podcast! 102,000+ Medical Students and Pre-Med Students are invited to watch the conference via live-streaming or phone in Finally 3 major topics will be covered at this Burnout Prevention seminar: How To Survive And Thrive In Medical School Advanced Pre-Med Seminar Single Payer Solution For Health Care Reform. Registration includes the Pre-Med DVD Home Study course and residency/med school application homework is required prior to the conference date in order to maximize you individualized coaching sessions. This conference is sure to be hoot! Thanks for your support, Doctor Dan

 MCAT Scores – Interpreting Practice Tests and Raw MCAT Scores | File Type: audio/mpeg | Duration: 0:00:01

Episode 17: What do people really score? And, how to interpret practice tests so you can accurately predict your score on the real MCAT. [ ?posts_id=2212060&dest=-1] ******************************************************* Announcements: * CD of the Month Club is now in it's 21st month. The infrastructure for mass production is now in place. Check out the new MCAT podcast interviews with GOLD STANDARD MCAT author, Dr. Brett Ferdinand The Medical Mastermind Community is now live! Call me on our next pre-med conference call! ******************************************************* A future doctor recently told me she made a 16% on a full-length Kaplan Practice MCAT. While that sounds bad, let's put that score into perspective and look at how overall core knowledge deepens - specifically, how that is reflected in practice test scores. We'll also delve into how to predict what score you'll make on the actual MCAT. This was my answer: "I sincerely understand your frustration and experienced it myself after taking the Kaplan course and my grades averaged out to be the same, having taken the MCAT 3 times. As a premed adviser now, I get this question a lot. You are not alone." You have a multi-part topic, so let me take each item in turn: 1. What do people actually make on the MCAT? What is the MCAT cut-off? Please give me real numbers! It's on a bell curve so if you've taken statistics you know that they can separate out the elite by keeping people away from the 100% correct end of the spectrum. In fact, 60% raw correct answers can actually be solid and each test is weighted differently. See, each test is drawn from a bank and each question is weighted for it's own usefulness. There are a significant amount of test questions that are being assessed as keepers, but are not part of your grading. Here is where you can find the most recent REAL MD MCAT scores in Texas, Osteopathic MCAT Scores, and AMCAS MCAT Scores. 2. Do practice MCAT tests commonly show low scores? [Better yet, do these low practice scores really reflect how well I'll do on the real MCAT?] ANSWER: A full-length practice MCAT form a reputable source, such as Kaplan, AAMC, or Princeton review are reasonable reflections of how well you'll do on the real thing. How to interpret your performance on these tests is actually more useful in real life. As a rule of thumb, scoring between 60-70% is actually average and approaching a solid score. Let me be clear, I'm not talking about little quizzes because the sample size of questions does not give you an accurate representation of your body of knowledge. Only pay attention to full-length, timed tests. I recommend you do between 3-7 of them, until you consistently get your overall average over 60% correct. If you expect to ace the MCAT you'll want closer to an 80% average. 3. Is there another way to prepare for the MCAT? ANSWER: The best way I teach people to prepare for the MCAT is to start learning the material from the first day in undergraduate, if possible. Buy a respected review book and take notes in it while in undergrad and taking those classes. Write down revelations and pearls of wisdom as you begin to get insight into the different prerequisite disciplines - keep the book near you and review it periodically. Too many people only "review" for the MCAT, which often means RELEARNING material form 1.5 years ago or more and this is a tremendous waste of brainpower, not to mention the added stress has been shown to decrease long-term memory (cited resource is a meta-analysis). ******************************************************* Residency Spotlight: Surgery After 4 years of medical school, General Surgery takes 5 years. Many people sub-specialize after that and go to fellowships. Fellowships may be in GI Surgery, Pediatric Surgery, Trauma, or transplant. There are some training programs that are surgical which do not require a General Surgery residency fir


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